Individual Rankings – IowaRunJumpThrow
On March 21st, the UIL District Meet was held at. Loop ISD. M'Kenzie Scott, Gus Avalos, Lee. Scott, and Adam Following are the results of the high school and junior The junior high district track meet was held on April. All MeetsOnly Meets With Results. All. Meets. January. 57 Meets. February . Meets .. CFBISD Middle School Meet #1 (MS), Carrollton, TX, Standridge Stadium AACS Track & field Inv #1 (MS), Little Rock - Scott,, Arkansas School for the D.. Gus Scott Invitational (HS), Naperville, IL, Naperville North HS. Apollo 1, initially designated AS, was the first manned mission of the United States Apollo . James McDivitt, David Scott and Russell Schweickart were named as the Gamma Cassiopeiae became Navi – Ivan (Gus Grissom's middle name) Virgil I. Grissom Middle Schools in Mishawaka, Indiana, Sterling Heights.
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Plugs-out test[ edit ] Chaffee, White, and Grissom training in a simulator of their command module cabin, January 19, The launch simulation on January 27,on pad 34, was a "plugs-out" test to determine whether the spacecraft would operate nominally on simulated internal power while detached from all cables and umbilicals. Passing this test was essential to making the February 21 launch date.
The test was considered non-hazardous because neither the launch vehicle nor the spacecraft was loaded with fuel or cryogenicsand all pyrotechnic systems explosive bolts were disabled. Grissom immediately noticed a strange odor in the air circulating through his suit which he compared to "sour buttermilk", and the simulated countdown was held at 1: No cause of the odor could be found, and the countdown was resumed at 2: The accident investigation found this odor not to be related to the fire.
The hatch consisted of three parts: The boost hatch cover was partially, but not fully, latched in place because the flexible boost protective cover was slightly distorted by some cabling run under it to provide the simulated internal power. The spacecraft's fuel cell reactants were not loaded for this test. After the hatches were sealed, the air in the cabin was replaced with pure oxygen at First mention of fire is heard at 1: Movement by the astronauts was detected by the spacecraft's inertial measurement unit and the astronaut's biomedical sensors, and also indicated by increases in oxygen spacesuit flow, and sounds from Grissom's stuck-open microphone.
There was no evidence to identify the movement, or whether it was related to the fire. The stuck microphone was part of a problem with the communications loop connecting the crew, the Operations and Checkout Buildingand the Complex 34 blockhouse control room.
The poor communications led Grissom to remark: All countdown functions up to the simulated internal power transfer had been successfully completed by 6: Nine seconds later at 6: This was immediately followed at 6: Open 'er up" "We've got a bad fire—Let's get out We're burning up", or "I'm reporting a bad fire This transmission, believed by some listeners to be Chaffee, lasted 5.
Flames and gases then rushed outside the command module through open access panels to two levels of the pad service structure. Intense heat, dense smoke, and ineffective gas masks designed for toxic fumes rather than heavy smoke hampered the ground crew's attempts to rescue the men. There were fears the command module had exploded, or soon would, and that the fire might ignite the solid fuel rocket in the launch escape tower above the command module, which would have likely killed nearby ground personnel, and possibly have destroyed the pad.
The third phase began when most of the oxygen was consumed and was replaced with atmospheric air, essentially quenching the fire, but causing high concentrations of carbon monoxide and heavy smoke to fill the cabin, and large amounts of soot to be deposited on surfaces as they cooled.
Although the cabin lights remained lit, they were at first unable to find the astronauts through the dense smoke. As the smoke cleared, they found the bodies, but were not able to remove them.
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The fire had partly melted Grissom's and White's nylon space suits and the hoses connecting them to the life support system. Grissom had removed his restraints and was lying on the floor of the spacecraft. White's restraints were burned through, and he was found lying sideways just below the hatch. It was determined that he had tried to open the hatch per the emergency procedure, but was not able to do so against the internal pressure.
Chaffee was found strapped into his right-hand seat, as procedure called for him to maintain communication until White opened the hatch. Because of the large strands of melted nylon fusing the astronauts to the cabin interior, removing the bodies took nearly 90 minutes. Slayton said of Grissom and White's bodies, "It is very difficult for me to determine the exact relationships of these two bodies. They were sort of jumbled together, and I couldn't really tell which head even belonged to which body at that point.
I guess the only thing that was real obvious is that both bodies were at the lower edge of the hatch. They were not in the seats. They were almost completely clear of the seat areas.
This modified NASA's existing accident procedures, based on military aircraft accident investigation, by giving the Deputy Administrator the option of performing independent investigations of major failures, beyond those for which the various Program Office officials were normally responsible.
It declared, "It is NASA policy to investigate and document the causes of all major mission failures which occur in the conduct of its space and aeronautical activities and to take appropriate corrective actions as a result of the findings and recommendations. Webb asked President Lyndon B. Johnson to allow NASA to handle the investigation according to its established procedure, promising to be truthful in assessing blame, and to keep the appropriate leaders of Congress informed.
Thompson, which included astronaut Frank Bormanspacecraft designer Maxime Fagetand six others. Long left the board,  and was replaced by Dr. Van Dolah, of the U.
After thorough stereo photographic documentation of the CM interior, the board ordered its disassembly using procedures tested by disassembling the identical CM, and conducted a thorough investigation of every part.
The board also reviewed the astronauts' autopsy results and interviewed witnesses. Seamans sent Webb weekly status reports of the investigation's progress, and the board issued its final report on April 5, White suffered third degree burns on almost half of his body and a quarter of his spacesuit had melted away.
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Chaffee suffered third degree burns over almost a quarter of his body and a small portion of his spacesuit was damaged. The autopsy report confirmed that the primary cause of death for all three astronauts was cardiac arrest caused by high concentrations of carbon monoxide.
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Burns suffered by the crew were not believed to be major factors, and it was concluded that most of them had occurred postmortem. Asphyxiation occurred after the fire melted the astronauts' suits and oxygen tubes, exposing them to the lethal atmosphere of the cabin.
They were unable to conclusively identify a single ignition source. They determined that the fire most likely started near the floor in the lower left section of the cabin, close to the Environmental Control Unit. The electrolysis of ethylene glycol solution with the silver anode was discovered at MSC on May 29,to be a hazard capable of causing a violent exothermic reactionigniting the ethylene glycol mixture in the CM's pure oxygen atmosphere.
Experiments at the Illinois Institute of Technology confirmed the hazard existed for silver-plated wires, but not for copper-only or nickel-plated copper. In July, ASPO directed both North American and Grumman to ensure no silver or silver-coated electrical contacts existed in the vicinity of possible glycol spills in the Apollo spacecraft. The pressure before launch was deliberately greater than ambient in order to drive out the nitrogen-containing air and replace it with pure oxygen, and also to seal the plug door hatch cover.
The Apollo 1 crew had successfully tested this procedure with their spacecraft in the Operations and Checkout Building altitude vacuum chamber on October 18 and 19,and the backup crew of Schirra, Eisele and Cunningham had repeated it on December The NASA crew systems department had installed 34 square feet 3. The Block I hatch, as used on Apollo 1, consisted of two pieces, and required pressure inside the cabin be no greater than atmospheric in order to open.
A third outer layer, the boost protective hatch cover, is not shown. The inner hatch cover used a plug door design, sealed by higher pressure inside the cabin than outside.
John E Spalding research D. For most of the history of the CIF, it has been the only statewide competition in any sport. Even to participate in the State finals has been the privelege of the few who have been able to survive up to six consecutive weeks of elimination meets, often against the top competition in the nation. Girls events were added beginning in Recently, the top 27 qualifying athletes or relay teams, who have finished among the top echelons of their respective sections have competed in the two day state finals.
In early years, beforefewer boys qualified for a one day State Meet. While some publications have documented some highlights of this greatest of all high school competitions and recent state meet programs have listed the individual champions, a summary of the placing finalists has not been available to state track fans.
On the following pages, an attempt has been made to summarize all the individual results of top placers in each event, as far as is known. Because many of the official state records of the early years were lost in fire, the compilers have made extensive use of the "History of the C.
Despite this research, not all information has been obtained. Wind-aided marks will have a "w" following the mark. If the wind speed is known, then it will follow the "w". For example, a wind-aided mark of 3. Since the earliest State Meets, athletes qualified by virtue of placing highly in their geographical Sectional meets.
As population and the number of high schools increased dramatically, these three sections divided. In these summaries of results, schools are listed by the Section in which they are 'currently located', though particular schools may have changed Sections and others are no longer in existence and in many cases their current Section did not even exist in their years.
Abbreviations for each Section are listed below: Adjustments for hurdle heights were also made. If you would like to "What If" the marks, you may obtain the Excel spreadsheet by clicking on the link. I would also like to thank John E Spalding for his many hours of research trying to locate missing names and marks for the athletes. Russell, the CIF's official history, says there were four not three sections in the beginning. I've also enclosed the text of my introduction to Bay Area Sports Stars, which explains the Bay Area situation in a bit more detail.
Anyway, here are the starting dates for the sections of the CIF, which was formed in March,