jajmani system | Characteristics & Facts | sexygf.info
caste in relation to the nation, the ru- ral community The Jajmani System of India tion is based upon the Wiser study, .. nurses for children, and houseboys. Discourse in the Relation between. Women and. Priests in the Ritual. System of Durgapuja in Bengal", based on a literary analysis, and mostly ignores the social context of the women's behavior. and nursing of children. S. K. Ray [ ]. A traditional specialised occupation of villagers based on caste system led to the exchange of services in the rural society. The relationship between servicing.
The jajman-kamin relationship is hereditary in the sense that in case there is separation in the family, these rights are also divided like any other property of the family. When a person has no son but only daughter, the rights are passed on to the son-in-law. If one has no daughter as well, it is passed on to the next nearest relative. Jajmani rights are equally distributed among the successors of the deceased jajman. Durable or Permanent Relation: The Jajmani relations are not like wage-relations which can be terminated after the transaction is over.
They continue over generations. They are exclusive in the sense that one family will carry out its relations with only one particular family of the particular occupational caste.
For example, the farmer family is supposed to carry on such relations with only one blacksmith family, and this blacksmith should make tools only for their own farmer families.
The relations are durable in that the link may be inherited on both sides. A blacksmith serves the same farmer family that his father and grand-father served. It is not within the power of the Jajman to remove a particular Kamin or Praja.
Jajmani System Feature 3. Goods Against Services Barter exchange: The relationship between Jajman and Kainin is not purely economic but is a human relationship. Accordingly Jajman takes full responsibility for the welfare of kamin and kamin serves Jajman with full dedication and devotion.
The amount of food grain given to kamin depends upon the nature of services rendered. Oscar Lewis conducted a detailed study of the Jajmani system and collected some data regarding Jajmani payments: Jajmani System Feature 4. Wiser, peace and satisfaction or contentment is a significant feature of Jajmani system which it provides to the villagers. The kamins of a jajman feel a sense of security.
They are not worried of finding employment. This system provides relief to the jajmans also. They are assured of the services of the kamins. Thus both Jajman and Kamin get a sense of security and peaceful living in the village. The old age customs and traditions had made the adjustment between the two and nobody has to bother. Jajmani System Feature 5. Difference in Scope of Work: Under jajmani system the range of work of different kamins is not uniform.
There is no specific provision that certain kamin should work for one family or one village. A kamin may or can effectively cater to the needs of two or three villages depending upon his nature of work.
For example, a barber can serve in more than one village; who can spare time for serving extra jajmans, his services are not required by the jajmans everyday. One who receives services is known as Jajman, the patron. The families that provide services are known as Kamin, Kam Karney waley or Kamgars workers. In other parts of India, terms such as Parjan, Pardhan, Balutedar etc. All these words literally refer to the same people, i.
The castes, which happen to provide services to the agriculturists, vary from one village to another. Every caste in the village does not happen to be a part of Jajmani system. So Jajmani system can be defined as a patron-client relationship.
Yogendra Singh describes Jajmani system as a system governed by relationship based on reciprocity in inter-caste relations in villages. Ishwaran has said, that it is a system in which each caste has a role to play in a community life as a whole. This role consists of economic, social and moral functions. Definition of Jajmani System:: The Jajmani system is a peculiarity of Indian villages.
Reddy Kamins are also known as Praja. Each one works for certain family or group of families with whom he is hereditary linked.
Jajmani System in India: Meaning, Definition, Advantages and Disadvantages
Harold Gould has described the Jajmani system as inter-familial inter-caste relationship pertaining to the patterning of super- ordinate-subordinate relations between patrons and suppliers of services. The patrons are the families of clean castes while the suppers of services are the families of lower and unclean caste. The first detailed study of Jajmani tradition in India was made by William H. Both Kamin and Jajman are Integral part of the jajmani system and thus complementary to each other.
Jajmani system - Wikipedia
Henty Orenstein has held that the families of village officials or village servants for example the watchman maintain jajmani relations with the whole village rather than with particular families. The important studies code N. Although the Jajmani relationship seems to be between castes, in reality, it is between particular families belonging to particular castes. It is the relationship between families that continue to exist over time. Advantages of Jajmani System: Security of occupation is guaranteed in case of jajmani system.
Since this system is hereditary, the kamin is assured of his occupation. He knows that if he breaks his family occupation he shall not be able to earn his livelihood. It provides economic security to kamins as the jajman looks after all of their needs. The kamins are assured of their economic security. In every monetary crisis the jajman helps the kamins. They extend all possible help to the kamins.
So there is economic security in the jajmani system. Close and Intimate Relationship: There is close and intimate relationship between the jajman and kamin. This relationship is not purely economical but it is sentimental and internal. A spirit of fellow feeling and brotherhood develops under this system.
So, they try to adjust each other. Jajmani system is hereditary and permanent, that is why both jajman and kamin sympathies for each other. This system creates an atmosphere conducive to peaceful living and co-operation. The cut-throat-competition for work or employment is almost absent in jajmani system.
No jajman goes without service nor any kamin goes without food. So this system creates an atmosphere of peaceful living by creating the spirit of fellow-feeling and co-operation.
Disadvantages of Jajmani System: Jajmani system is exploitative. The agricultural castes, which are invariably upper castes, seek the services of the occupational castes, which Eire generally lower castes. The exploitation of lower castes continues under the garb of paternal ties.
Like the caste system, this system has become a source of suppression, exploitation and discrimination. Oscar Lewis has pointed out in his study of Jajmani system in Rampur village, whereas in the past it was based on personal relationship, it has now become an instrument of exploitation of kamins by jajmans.