SAMARITAN WOMAN in the Gospel of John. She argued with Jesus.
Jesus and his disciples stop at a roadside well. He meets a Samaritan woman. She is alone – why? Women usually moved in groups. She questions him boldly . Meanwhile, during the earthly ministry of Jesus, he confirms his lack of interest In such scenes, a man and a woman typically meet at a well, talk, draw water, the woman in Song of Songs searches in the dark three times for her lover (Song . An Interpretation of Jesus' Life from the Gospels K. Wayne Keillor town folk, men and women whom she meets and who begin to congregate about her. stranger; the facts about the woman these people, her neighbors, knew only to well.
Nearby on the peak of Mount Gerizim had been a temple that rivaled the Temple of Jerusalem. The Samaritan Woman approaches Jesus who is sitting at the well But all this had been destroyed before the time of Jesus, and only a village remained.
Here Jesus stopped, tired and thirsty in the midday heat. His friends had gone to the town to buy food. Only a Samaritan woman was there, drawing water from the well.
It was about noon. His disciples had gone to the city to buy food. The woman argues — with Jesus! Scholars presume she knew Jesus was Jewish by the way he spoke. His accent was Galilean. Possibly Jesus was wearing a fringed shawl when he met the woman at the well, and it was this that showed he was Jewish.
Or it may be that people from particular regions wore particular designs and colours in their woven clothes — like peasants used to do in France, Belgium, Italy, etc.
Jesus may have been wearing a patterned weave that identified him as a Jew from Galilee. Why was water so precious? Every drop of water used in a household had to be carried from the local well. So every day women walked to the bottom of steps cut into the rock, filled their heavy earthenware jars, returned up the steps, and carried the water home. The strong younger women of the household normally did this task, but this is not happening here. The Samaritan woman is no longer young, and since she is carrying her own water, it seems she did not have younger women in her household to do this heavy task.
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Jesus asked the Samaritan woman for something to drink, and here begins the longest conversation recorded between Jesus and any person. Why was the Samaritan woman surprised? It is surprising that this conversation happens with someone who was a woman, and non-Jewish. The woman herself was certainly surprised when Jesus spoke to her, because normally Jews and Samaritans did not have anything to do with each other.
There had been a long-running conflict between the Jews and the Samaritans. Samaria had been the capital of the northern kingdom of Israel during the period of the divided kingdoms.
The Assyrians replaced the original people with five alien tribes who resettled the area for information on this event, see 2 Kings Eventually many of the original population returned and intermarried with the five alien tribes. By the time of Jesus, Jews thought that the people who lived in Samaria were not true descendants of the great Jewish ancestors, and that their religion was not true Judaism but a mixture of beliefs.
The water of life Jesus blithely disregarded the ancient enmity between the two groups. The woman questioned him and drew him into conversation.
Jesus explained that when people drink ordinary water, they get thirsty again. Jacob's well was there, and Jesus, tired out by his journey, was sitting by the well. It was about noon. A Samaritan woman came to draw water, and Jesus said to her, "Give me a drink.
The Samaritan woman said to him, "How is it that you, a Jew, ask a drink of me, a woman of Samaria? Jesus answered her, "If you knew the gift of God, and who it is that is saying to you, 'Give me a drink', you would have asked him, and he would have given you living water. Where do you get that living water?
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Are you greater than our ancestor Jacob, who gave us the well, and with his sons and his flocks drank from it? The water that I will give will become in them a spring of water gushing up to eternal life. What you have said is true! Our ancestors worshipped on this mountain, but you say that the place where people must worship is in Jerusalem. You worship what you do not know; we worship what we know, for salvation is from the Jews. But the hour is coming, and is now here, when the true worshippers will worship the Father in spirit and truth, for the Father seeks such as these to worship him.