The Link Between Sports and Academic Performance
Identifying Achievement Goals and Their Relationship to Academic Achievement in Undergraduate Pharmacy Performance-approach goals were positively correlated with academic achievement in the first year. .. Psychol Sport Exerc. In the female student subsample the relationship between academic . sport how to cope with stress, how to fight his way to achieve goals. purpose of the study, research questions addressed in the study, hypotheses reasonable to hypothesize that the relation between sports participation and.
Only academic year had a significant impact on mastery-approach goals. The impact of academic year and ethnicity on mastery-avoidance goals was significant. Post hoc comparisons using the Tukey test indicated that Vietnamese Australian students reported higher adoption of mastery-avoidance goals than their Anglo Australian and Arab Australian peers. All effects were significant at the 0.
There was a significant main effect for ethnicity.
Post hoc comparisons using the Tukey test lacked the power to determine where that difference was, beyond that it was between the ethnicities scoring highest and lowest in this study, which was determined from the main effect.
The interaction effect between predominant ethnicities and academic year was not significant. The model contained 5 independent variables the 4 achievement goals, and ethnicities. The full model containing all predictors was significant. The model as a whole explained between 5. Open in a separate window As shown in Table 6only 2 of the independent variables made a unique significant contribution to the model mastery-avoidance and other ethnicities.
The strongest predictor of grades was mastery avoidance, recording an odds ratio of 0. This indicated that students who pursued the mastery-avoidance goal were less likely to achieve high grades than those who did not pursue this goal, controlling for all other factors in the model.
Other ethnicities were also significantly predictive of higher academic achievement with an odds ratio of 1.
The Link Between Sports and Academic Performance
A secondary aim of this study was to investigate any relationships between ethnicity, type of achievement goals, and academic achievement. Our finding that first-year students adopted mastery-approach goals more than third-year students is consistent with Lieberman and Remedios 32 and Remedios et al. Results from Remedios et al.
In our study, the higher adoption of performance-approach goals by first-year students compared to third-year students might have been a result of competitive high school environments from which first-year students had just come. Our results show that first-year students who adopted performance-approach goals received higher grades in their subject compared to their peers who adopted any other type of achievement goals.
These findings are consistent with several previous studies that indicate the positive association between performance-approach and academic achievement. In contrast, students who are strongly mastery-oriented are more likely to follow their own interest and study subject material that is appealing to them regardless of its testability. Although reaping the benefits of both types of achievement goals is clearly beneficial, the task for educators is to develop ways to foster this combination.
One way is by helping students pursue mastery-approach goals throughout the semester and then encouraging them to pursue performance-approach goals when preparing for examinations.
Surprisingly, among the third year students, there was no significant relationship between academic achievement and performance-approach goals.
Do athletes make better students?
This result was inconsistent with previous research findings. Thus, adoption of this type of achievement goal had no significant association with academic achievement. In contrast to much of the published literature, 33,34,44,45 which has grouped different Asian ethnicities under one umbrella and applied findings to the whole group, our study clearly revealed that individual Asian ethnicities varied in their adoption of each type of achievement goal.
Vietnamese students, for example, had significantly higher scores on mastery-avoidance goal than their Korean peers, whereas Chinese students had significantly higher performance-approach goal scores than Korean students. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to analyze each Asian ethnicity separately, and doing so has yielded significant conclusions.
Zusho et al did not find any significant difference between Asian American and Anglo American students in pursuing performance-approach goals, 35 but our study showed that Chinese Australian students were adopting performance-approach goals significantly more than their Anglo Australian peers, possibly because Chinese Australian parents expect high academic performance from their children. Our finding that more Vietnamese Australian students adopted mastery-avoidance goals than did their Anglo Australian peers was consistent, to some degree, with literature that found more Asian students adopted avoidance goals than did Caucasian students.
Do athletes make better students? | Education | The Guardian
Second, most published literature focuses on psychology students. Third, this study was conducted in Australia and given the multicultural nature of the country, particularly in Sydney, the study suggests that no single strategy may suit all Australian students, and that future work should address cultural differences more directly. Although there was a significant impact of predominant ethnicities upon academic achievement, post hoc comparisons were unable to determine the exact locations of the differences.
Either a larger sample size of different ethnicities or a replication study with planned comparisons based on the current study would allow us to explore the fine-grain effect of each ethnicity.
In addition, this study shed some light on the relationship between different ethnicities and achievement goals. As quantitative studies do not answer the question why such phenomena occur, a qualitative investigation of this phenomenon may yield useful additional results. In-depth interviews with a purposive sample of students from this study may yield more information regarding student adoption of one achievement goal over another, the relationship between academic achievement and performance-approach goals in third-year students, and ethnic differences.
Further, understanding the qualities that mastery-approach and performance-approach students would like to see in their instructors may help academics create environments that foster the adoption of both goals. Limitations of the study include the small sample size of some of the ethnic groups. For example, despite the significant impact of predominant ethnicities upon academic achievement, the Tukey test failed to determine where the significant differences were between each ethnicity.
Another limitation was using cohorts from only one university. A study that includes undergraduate pharmacy students from different Australian universities may yield more generalizable results.
The link between school sports and academic success | Future Focus Blog| ACS International Schools
First-year students were more performance-approach and mastery-approach oriented than third-year students. Ethnicity affected achievement goals and academic achievement. Chinese Australian students indicated stronger preferences for adopting performance-approach goals, whereas Vietnamese Australian students adopted mastery-avoidance goals more than any other ethnicities. The Oxford Handbook of Human Motivation. Oxford University Press; The goal concept in psychology. Handbook of Motivational Science.
Achievement goal theory at the crossroads: Classroom goal structure, student motivation, and academic achievement. Handbook of Competence and Motivation. The Guiforsd Publications Inc. A meta-analytic review of achievement goal measures: Kaplan A, Maehr M. The contributions and prospects of orientation theory. However, for people of all ages, the overall connection between keeping the body in shape and the brain in tip-top shape cannot be denied. Elite-Level Athletes in College Sports While universities across the country offer a large number of collegiate sports for students, only a handful get wide recognition.
Often those big-business sports — mostly football and basketball — feature students who sometimes having difficulty making the academic cut, for various reasons.
For this reason, sometimes sports have gotten a bad rap as a negative factor in college academic performance. Female athletes consistently outperform both male athletes and male non-athletes, says the piece, citing an article in The New York Times.
Worth noting too is that even women recruited specifically for their athletic prowess earn high marks, with average GPAs just. Yet grades and GPA averages are not always the only measure of academic success. Many student athletes work hard to find a balance between their responsibilities.
With all those responsibilities outside the classroom, no one could deny that 3. Getting Some Exercise Means Getting More Done Ultimately, countless health benefits are brought on by physical activity — be it devotion to practicing an individual sport, team sports pick-up games, the weekend trip to the gym, or simply a daily walk around the block.
When it's done you feel really good. If we've been on a run, we feel better for the rest of the day". Research by British Universities and Sport BUCS last year suggested that involvement in university sport can also boost students' employment prospects. Even involvement in the non-physical side of sport — from volunteering on a committee to coaching — provides opportunities to develop leadership skills.
The best student athletes are also versatile, with an ability to improvise when things don't go to plan. Student athletes may also be better communicators and team players. But for Treharne and many other sportspeople at university, their degrees take precedence. He sees rugby as the perfect springboard to a medical career: If you can get good teamwork within the hospital that's when it runs most smoothly.