Four temperaments - Wikipedia
The personality type theories include the ancient Greeks' four humors and Carl Jung's Eight Personality Types. Type theorists generally believe that each one of us belong to a distinct type of personality. Don't miss these related articles. Interactive personality measuring the big five personality traits. traces back to the Ancient Greek medical theory of the four humours, which held that there were . No individual only possesses one personality type, and most of us have a very strong A good relation-ship between a husband and a wife makes for a happy home. Following is a brief description of each of the four temperaments or.
The word "temperament" itself comes from Latin "temperare", "to mix". In the ideal personality, the complementary characteristics or warm-cool and dry-moist were exquisitely balanced. In four less ideal types, one of the four qualities was dominant over all the others.
In the remaining four types, one pair of qualities dominated the complementary pair; for example, warm and moist dominated cool and dry. These latter four were the temperamental categories Galen named "sanguine", "choleric", "melancholic" and "phlegmatic" after the bodily humors, respectively.
Each was the result of an excess of one of the humors that produced, in turn, the imbalance in paired qualities. Hans Eysenck — was one of the first psychologists to analyze personality differences using a psycho- statistical method factor analysisand his research led him to believe that temperament is biologically based. The factors he proposed in his book Dimensions of Personality were Neuroticism Nthe tendency to experience negative emotions, and Extraversion Ethe tendency to enjoy positive events, especially social ones.
By pairing the two dimensionsEysenck noted how the results were similar to the four ancient temperaments. Examples are DiSC assessmentsocial styles, and a theory that adds a fifth temperament. The Bible characters that seem to best fit the characteristics of a Phlegmatic are Joseph, Timothy and Barnabas. They tend to be deep-thinkers and feelers who often see the negative attributes of life, rather than the good and positive things.
They are self-reliant and independent and get wholly involved in what they are doing. Melancholies can be highly creative in activities such as art, literature, music, health-care and ministry, and can become preoccupied with the tragedy and cruelty in the world; they long to make a significant and lasting difference in the world. Melancholies usually have a high degree of perfectionist tendencies, especially in regards to their own lives or performance.
They are serious, purposeful, analytical, musical, artistic, talented, creative, self-sacrificing, conscien-tious, idealistic, philosophical, and are genius prone. They tend to be highly organized, schedule oriented, economical, tidy, neat, detail conscious, finish what they start, like charts, graphs, figures and lists, see the problems and are able to identify creative solutions with ease.
Sadly, many Melancholies are also victims of deep bouts of depression that come from great dissatisfaction, disappointment, hurtful words or events.
Melancholy personalities are people who have a deep love for others, while usually holding themselves in contempt. In short, melancholies take life very seriously too much so sometimes and it often leaves them feeling blue, helpless or even hopeless. Because they are deeply caring people, they make great doctors, nurses, social workers, ministers, and teachers.
This comes from a deep sense of what others are feeling or experiencing and the inward need to reach out and do something in order to help them. They are extremely loyal in friendships; there is an old saying that goes like this: The Bible characters that seem to best fit the characteristics of a Melancholy are Moses and Abraham. Good in details; careful. Closing note to this section: These individuals were chosen because of the behavioral tendencies they demonstrated at various times in biblical history.
The corresponding results of the combinations listed can be found on the following website if interested: They are people-oriented and enthusiastic but with the resolutions of the Choleric tempering the lack of organization of the Sanguine. He is almost always a sports enthusiast and is ideal in sales.
He can talk too much and can be obnoxious if threatened. The forgetfulness of the Sanguine and the caustic nature of the Choleric may make them hurtful without realizing it. These are extremely happy and carefree individuals who live to help people.
They would not purposely hurt anyone but they must fight a lack of workplace motivation; they would rather visit than work.
Whatever his profession, his brain is always active and engaged. His weaknesses combine the quick anger of the Sanguine with the resentment of the Choleric. He gets AND gives ulcers. He may leave people including spouse and children shell-shocked and resentful because of his angry outbursts. He is both Industrious and detailed.
He combines verbal aggressiveness with sharp attention to detail. He is very competitive and forceful. He can be autocratic and opinionated with work habits that keep after details until the job is completely finished. He finds interpersonal relationships difficult due to the hard-to-please nature of the Choleric and the perfectionistic nature of the Melancholy.
He is extremely capable in the long run though he may not impress you that way at first. He is organized and a good planner.The 4 Temperaments / Humors
He often gets more accomplished than other temperaments because he always thinks in terms of enlisting others to help him. His weaknesses include a tendency to quietly harbor bitterness rather than letting it out.
Acknowledging weaknesses is difficult for him and he tends to worry about his performance in life activities. They make excellent administrators and other jobs that involve getting along with people. He may lack motivation and discipline and may fall short of his true capabilities.
He may "putter around" for years without making progress. He can be an excellent counselor because he is an active listener.
He is practical and helpful and patient. He may lack motivation and may become stubborn if threatened. He may also have a tendency toward being sedentary and passive. He needs to be around other people as he is externally motivated. He wobbles between patience and criticism and may tend toward negativism. They can be afraid of over-extending themselves so may avoid involvement in a group.
Four Temperaments Test
He makes an excellent teacher as his organized side is well versed in the facts and his Sanguine side makes him enjoyable to listen to. If he goes into sales it will be sales that calls for exacting detail and the presentation of many facts. He is an emotional person — from being moved to tears to being critical and hard on others.
Both temperaments can be fearful which may make this an insecure person with a poor self image. They mix decisiveness and determination. Because of the critical nature of the Melancholy they may be very difficult to please. If they become negative about someone or something it will have a tendency to stay with them for a long time.