Australia-China Bilateral Relations: Mixed Messages, | The Australia-China Story
The Australia–China Joint Economic Report is the first major independent joint study of the bilateral relationship and has the blessing of both national governm. A Joint Australia–China Report on Strengthening Investment and .. The bilateral relationship between Australia and China in relation to. CIW-CICIR Joint Report (): Australia and China. A joint Report on the bilateral Relationship. Canberra/Beijing, Australian Centre on China in the World, .
Australia's approach to managing differences on human rights in China aims to be constructive and is based on dialogue. Australia raises a wide range of issues with China including freedom of expression, freedom of religion, treatment of political prisoners and ethnic minorities, Tibet, torture, the death penalty, women's and children's rights, and the rights of legal practitioners and civil rights activists.
The Australia-China Human Rights Dialogue is an important forum for frank exchanges on human rights and for identifying areas where Australia can help China implement international human rights standards, including through our Human Rights Technical Cooperation Program.
Australia has largely phased out bilateral aid to China.
A small number of ongoing projects provide targeted assistance, including a human rights technical cooperation program and a program helping to strengthen the health system in the Tibet Autonomous Region.
In recognition of China's growing role as an aid donor, Australia and China signed a Memorandum of Understanding MoU on development cooperation inwhich was then renewed in The MoU facilitates Australia and China cooperating on shared development objectives on issues of regional or global importance.
Climate change is an emerging area of cooperation between Australia and China. The Government is pursuing a number of initiatives to strengthen and diversify this relationship. The Agreement will enhance the growing trade and investment relationship between our highly complementary economies.
It will ensure the competitiveness of Australia's agricultural and manufacturing industries, protect and ensure the competitiveness of our services providers and attract greater investment in Australia.
Australian services providers benefit from new access to China's significant and growing services sector. The Government has been promoting its open investment regime and Foreign Investment Review Board process, which continues to attract Chinese investors.
The majority of investment has been in resources but is now moving into agriculture, tourism and infrastructure. The greatest challenge that we both now face is how to build further on the relationship, how to bring greater maturity and strategic vision to it and how to develop mechanisms to ensure it is more efficacious, more creative and more regionally and globally constructive, in particular at the present crucial juncture when the world is experiencing dramatic change, transformation and re-alignment.
In essence the question is: The first is a new disjuncture: This implies that the longstanding model for the relationship, of which economic complementarity has formed the cornerstone, no longer suffices.
How to build a multi-faceted relationship based on developing mutual reliance in the cultural and social spheres, has become a salient question requiring a response. The second disjuncture is that between our current strategic bilateral relationship and the fast-paced structural transformations occurring in the Asia-Pacific region. The rise of new great powers, especially China, the return of the United States to Asia and the Pacific, combined with the increased speed with which the global centre of gravity is shifting towards our region, has resulted in a regional transformation.
It is a transformation that features an increase both in strategic comfort and in strategic abrasion. Adjustment of the China-Australia strategic relationship will be influenced by this structural transformation, while at the same time itself influencing it. But the strategic relationship between our two countries is clearly lagging behind the changes in the overall strategic situation in Asia and the Pacific.
It is for this reason that it is a matter of pressing urgency as to how our two countries develop new forms of collaboration in the strategically complex environment of Asia and the Pacific so that the shift of global gravity will be more assured, enhancing thereby the steadier construction of a harmonious Asia-Pacific.
With the creation of a bold, new enterprise such as the Australian Centre on China in the World it is only natural that CIW would become one of the newest and most important collaborators for our Australia specialists.
Australia-China Bilateral Relations: Mixed Messages, 2015
This report is the result of a collaborative endeavour over the past two years. It offers one of the few overviews of the China-Australia relationship as a whole. It differs from political or economic reports in that it features the observations and analysis of researchers on both sides. This report does not shy away from differences of perspective, but attempts rather on the basis of facts to account objectively for the views on both sides, aiming to present a 'realistic portrait' of the relationship between China and Australia.
There are opportunities for Australian firms to provide specialised services such as distribution, logistics and supply-chain management, land remediation—a growing need in China—and rural banking. There are also opportunities for Australian researchers and firms to develop demonstration farms in China to showcase their expertise and accomplishments.
China country brief - Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade
Furthermore, there are opportunities for cooperation in innovation and technology that can improve productivity and be commercialised.
Australia and China have concluded that cooperation in the agrifood sector can contribute to improving global food security. This can be achieved through investment that lifts productivity and expands productive capacity, and focused cooperation in innovation, technology and services.
As this cooperation between Australia and China begins in earnest, the objective is to establish a best-practice approach based on these guiding principles: Australia and China see the development of long-term, mutually beneficial cooperation on agrifood for supply to world markets as an important next step in diversifying a high-quality, complementary economic relationship.
Australia and China recognise the importance of developing long-term sustainable policy approaches by building cooperation in stages and at a pace suited to the particular national situations, institutions and relative economic advantages of both countries. Australia and China recognise the valuable role of joint commercialisation of agricultural technologies to ensure the uptake of food security-related innovation within a framework of protection and management of intellectual property.
In Australia, the transparency of the scale and nature of investment intentions and a focus on developing large-scale projects on underdeveloped land, particularly in northern Australia, will be important in promoting public understanding of foreign investment in Australia and providing confidence to Chinese investors. The demonstration effect is a valuable tool in developing agribusiness, and so Australia and China should work to improve the coordination of agrifood-related research and development priorities between key research organisations.
Both governments have an important role to play in improving investment certainty by supporting pilot projects and addressing regulatory concerns, but bilateral cooperation on agribusiness will only be successful in the long term if Australian and Chinese companies make sound commercial decisions.
However, cooperation will not be limited to these areas only.
Australia and China: committing to a partnership for change | East Asia Forum
The initial focus of cooperative investment activities will be large-scale agricultural water and soil resources development in northern Australia; promotion and application of proprietary technologies and new varieties in agricultural product processing including beef and sheepmeat ; aquaculture including tropical rock lobster farming ; and building modern agricultural logistics systems.
The initial focus of technological cooperation will be sustainable agriculture; plant genetic resources; plant biosecurity; animal disease control and health; plant biotechnology; agricultural processing technologies; animal genetic resources; environmental remediation; remote sensing technologies for agriculture; and supply-chain development and improvement.
Recommendations I Investment Both countries should make relevant improvements in providing comprehensive information on the regulatory environment including environment protection, land and water resource management, quarantine and food safety, tax policies and legal systems. The Northern Australia Ministerial Forum should consider holding a joint meeting with counterpart Chinese provincial ministers to discuss and review initial results, and explore further opportunities for cooperation and investment.
Both countries should support annual delegation visits by potential investors in both countries to learn from the results of cooperation on joint pilot projects and other activities in order to develop new investment opportunities. Both countries should encourage new entrants to the agribusiness markets to make use of the services provided by the Australia—China Business Council, the Australian National Farmers' Federation, the Australian Food and Grocery Council and equivalent Chinese business groups to assist them to understand better the requirements of good corporate citizenship.
The Australian Government should continue to make transparency in foreign investment in the agricultural sector a high priority, including through measures such as the refined and ongoing surveys by the Australian Bureau of Statistics and the development of the national foreign ownership register for agricultural land announced by the Prime Minister on 23 October