American Indians at European Contact | NCpedia
Thorvald may have been the first European to die and be buried in America. The Europeans introduced the Native Americans to horses, guns, and alcohol. The indigenous peoples of this land Europeans called the “new world” were separated . They did not place Native American traditions under the protection of. Native Americans First View Whites From The Shore. 7. min read Whenever Indians and Europeans met, the process of discovery was usually reciprocal. In hindsight America. Europeans wrote accounts of these meetings; Indians did not.
I am no more different from you than you are from me. A short person is different only in relation to a tall one; a Spanish-speaking student is different in relation to an English-speaking one.
But the point of comparison is often unstated. Historians Peter Carroll and David Noble describe those encounters: As these ships moved closer and closer, they saw strange-looking people with light skins aboard, making odd gestures. The Arawak youths stood at the banks hesitantly, and then some of the braver men began swimming toward the mysterious boats.
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These strangers offered the Arawak red-colored caps, glass beads, and other curious trifles. In exchange, the Arawak brought parrots, cotton skeins, darts, and other items. Then the strangers drew out swords, which the Arawak, in ignorance, grasped by the blades, cutting themselves.
It was a symbolic act, this inadvertent drawing of blood. For the Arawak and the strangers looked at the world from opposite angles, and both were fascinated by what the other was not.
Columbus and other Europeans had their own misconceptions. To Columbus, it was literally inconceivable that he had found previously unknown lands. Like other Europeans of his time, he believed firmly in the completeness of human knowledge. What he saw, therefore, he incorporated into his existing worldview, and the Native Americans thereby became, to the satisfaction of most Europeans, simply Indians.
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They then went on to describe what the Indigenous Peoples did not have. As Carroll and Noble point out in their description of Spanish explorers, Europeans in the age of Columbus saw themselves as Christians, the most spiritually pure people in creation.
This ethnocentric idea found reinforcement in the ideals of the Roman Catholic Church, which claimed to be a universal spiritual community. Yet this ideology clearly excluded such religiously different people as Muslims, against whom Christians had waged holy wars for centuries, and Jews, who remained outsiders throughout European society.
Believing in a single unitary religion, members of the Catholic Church viewed [nonbelievers] as suitable either for conversion to the true faith or worthy only of death or enslavement. They were shared by Protestants as well. Relations between the Indigenous Peoples of the Americas and the Europeans were also shaped by the fierce competition among European nations for wealth and power.
American Indians at European Contact
Countless others were pushed into the interior of both continents. Still others were forced into slavery.
Martha Minow, Making All the Difference: Inclusion, Exclusion, and American Law, rev. The first contact may have occurred when Thorvald, brother of Leif Erikssondied in a skirmish with natives near Vinland in present-day Newfoundland.
Thorvald may have been the first European to die and be buried in America. Nearly five centuries later, word that Christopher Columbus had discovered what was believed to be a western approach to the East Indies spread through Europe, which energized other nations to dispatch explorers.
Like Columbus, they were searching for gold, silver, spices and other valuables. They also were looking for new lands to claim for their empires.Native Americans and American Colonists (Story Time with Mr. Beat)
They quickly realized that what Columbus had actually found was another world altogether. The Europeans came to the New World with underlying assumptions, some based on what would later be called Manifest Destinyothers based on Christian beliefs. Some, including Columbus, believed it was God's design to convert non-Christians everywhere.
Extracting wealth from the New World was justifiable because the peoples there were heathen. Imprecations against Native Americans were sanctioned because they were Satan's own, and it followed that their cultures could be crippled as well.