Social Networking and Video Web Sites: MySpace and YouTube Meet the Copyright Cops
sexygf.info is an Australian based online shop for Speed Cubes. Stocking Gans, Moyu, Dayan, Shengshou and much more. Section lays out four prerequisites — similar to the Fair Use provisions in the Copyright Act — that Web sites must meet in order to invoke. Next, this paper presents the way in which SNS users police MySpace Angles. . sexygf.info, accessed 26 May The film follows a MySpace user as he arranges to meet a girl whose profile he has viewed off–line (despite his friend's warning that .. Copyright © , Lauren F. Sessions.
Social networking and video Web sites: MySpace and YouTube meet the copyright cops
Several months ago, while I was out of the office, a group of college students came to the department as part of a social media scavenger hunt with the goal of getting a photo with a police officer. All I ask is that when refusing to take a photo with someone you place yourself in their shoes and consider the feeling of rejection you may be causing you are creating a negative experience with one of your community members.
A simple picture spread through social media can have a huge positive impact on your department and it can help strengthen the relationship your department has with your community. I was once researching ways in which we could create a better customer experience in our speaking engagement program and taken aback by comments a sergeant made to me when I asked why we were cancelling events and not telling anyone.
So how does a selfie relate to police legitimacy? For an agency to be successful they need to have the support of their community. To get this they need to be viewed as legitimate authorities and not overbearing outsiders. A selfie is a way to show a somewhat large group of people that a department is willing to interact with their community in a positive way. It shows that the agency is part of the community and that their officers are approachable.
Have fun, they are asking to take a picture with you because they like you. Do a mental checklist. To take a better picture, make sure the camera is held at a level above your nose and remember to slightly lean forward.
Roll your shoulders back, stand up straight, and have fun with it. Try using a filter to mask blemishes. Get your good side. Beyond the fundamental MySpace Angle techniques there are a variety of genres characterized by the facial expressions, hand gestures, and poses taken by the subjects. It is quite popular on myspace user profiles, in an attempt to hide fat and other undesired features from the camera and fool others into thinking the person is really attractive.
MySpace Angle photographs are not exclusively taken or displayed by women staringbutnotseeing, In fact, the use of Angle techniques is often employed by men; however, the policing of this practice particularly the criticism and practice of uncovering unflattering picture of MySpace Angle adopters is primarily carried out by men who are appraising women, with the exception of satire videos that are predominantly made by women.
One possible reason that this may be the case is that in dating scenarios men are often seeking youth and attractiveness above all other traits Lynn and Bolig,while women promote their attractiveness more than men Ahuvia and Adelman, Women may mock the use of this practice by other women out of anger that others are making themselves look better through the use of photographic techniques.
Policing MySpace Angles Apparently, those who post these photographs cannot expect to get away with this perceived deception. The policing of this transgression is carried out in three ways: Commentary on MySpace Angles directly criticizes the practice in many different ways. Others write about the use of these angles as if they were a communicable disease rather than a social trend.
In which the inflicted, from taking so many photos from myspace angle, are now missing necks Infected Regions: However, the satire policing stands apart from criticism expressed directly, as the mechanisms discouraging the use of MySpace Angles differ.
“You Looked Better on MySpace”: Deception and authenticity on the Web | Sessions | First Monday
In satire MySpace angles are mocked, thereby stigmatizing the behavior. These satires come in many forms, but all serve to discourage SNS users from posting Angles pictures by parodying these photographs. While some may sincerely aim to educate others on how to create these photographs, many are actually ridiculing Angles, for example by showing how one must go to such great lengths to take a picture that pretends to have been taken in haste. A MySpace Angles how—to video.
Lastly, some users choose to proclaim that they do not need Angles to make themselves look attractive.
In addition, some users choose to post videos in which they hold up a sign with their SNS profile Web address, holding the camera from at least four angles to show that they are not afraid of having their appearance judged from multiple angles Jaamaro, The movie, a short independent film on social situations that arise out of interaction on MySpace, parodies Angles.
Photography—savvy young ladies are utilizing crafty camera angles and even photo software to weave a type of black magic onto their likenesses that would rival even the most forgiving Glamour Shots photographers of the old days. These crafty ladies will bend and conform themselves precariously to just the right position to hide those multiple chins, unsightly bulges, and possibly even hooves in the attempt to rope in unsuspecting victims across the World Wide Web.
Each will be expounded here, including a discussion of the ways in which these criticisms reveal the social norms on SNSs that MySpace Angles breach. MySpace Angles posters are conformists Often, when users condemn the use of MySpace Angles their specific criticism is that using MySpace angles is a sign of conformity — that the people who take these pictures are succumbing to social pressure to the extent that they are not displaying an individual, authentic online self. This criticism is most often expressed in satire, as the critic depicts the formulaic process that is undergone to create a MySpace Angle picture.
Who could ever think of doing MySpace Angles like this? One blogger runs through the gamut of MySpace Angle varieties, displaying his version of each in an insincere attempt to find a profile picture that shows him at his best Pete,while many other users create videos that similarly inform the viewer about the many genres in play staringbutnotseeing, MySpace Angles display narcissism Secondly, users criticize the alleged narcissism a MySpace Angle photograph reveals.
Others point to how the act of taking these photographs as opposed to the act of posting them displays narcissism. Mocking this action MySpace: The movie shows a young man mortified when his mom catches him admiring his body in the bathroom mirror, looking for his best features to highlight in his MySpace photograph Lehre, Lastly, users often point out that the great lengths users go to in the search for the best profile picture is evidence that the user is superficial. Otherwise, why would they place so much emphasis on their physical appearance?
MySpace Angles conceal the body While the previous two criticisms, that MySpace Angles display narcissism and conformity, frequently emerge in MySpace Angle commentary, most often discussed is the fact that Angles are misrepresentative because they conceal or distort the body, making subjects appear thinner than they are. These weight—specific comments are numerous.
On the message board of online dating site OkCupid one user writes: It shows me that a girl is hiding something usually weight. I know its [sic] taken for convenience, but I WANT a picture of your full torso regardless of how much you weight who knows if your curves may be in the right places … or not. I provide one and so should girls too!
Lastly, a commentator notes what may be concealed by a MySpace Angle picture: SNS social norms In criticizing anti-normative behavior this commentary reveals social norms implicitly present in SNS communities that have been violated. However, this presentation of the online self must be effortless — to manufacture an online identity with the intent to please the online audience is disparaged as the division between online and off—line is considered tenuous.
Current theories of deception and authenticity online Self—presentation on SNSs Computer—mediated communication CMC changes the way in which the self is presented to others.
For one, CMC is often asynchronous unlike FtF interactionaffording the user greater control over how the self is presented Trevino and Webster, Furthermore, CMC also minimizes the expression of nonverbal cues thus making self presentation online less subject to unintentional cues Walther, Naturally, this greater control over self—presentation CMC affords does not dictate that users exercise the option to present an online self entirely removed from the actual self; rather, users must also balance the desire to put their best foot forward with a desire to minimize the discrepancy perceived between the selves during a FtF meeting, a desire to present an accurate self Ellison, et al.
Accordingly, the prospect of meeting someone FtF may influence one to portray a more accurate online identity Gibbs, et al. Deception online Traditionally, it has been assumed that a lack of corporeal presence allows for deception to occur online Donath, ; Stone, ; Rheingold, It is composed of information rather than matter. Information spreads and diffuses; there is no law of the conservation of information. CMC has also been shown to allow users to explore roles and identities that remain hidden in everyday life Turkle, ; Stone, While this aspect of CMC allows for stigmatized identities to be expressed online Davison, et al.
Recently, researchers have explored deception online in the context of dating sites. The findings of this body of literature suggest that the vast majority of online dating site users feel that there is a high degree of physical appearance misrepresentation online Gibbs, et al. As a result, users are significantly concerned about the prevalence of lies and the prospect of meeting someone off—line without prior visual cues Donn and Sherman, ; Madden and Lenhard, Brym and Lenton found that ten percent of a sample of users admitted to misrepresenting their identity online, though to some extent it appears that users deceive as a reaction to their perception that others are deceiving Fiore and Donath, However, when FtF interaction is anticipated, deception may occur to the same extent as in FtF relationships Toma, et al.
Researchers have outlined many ways in which identity may be inferred online, despite the various levels of anonymity CMC may afford to users. Donath suggests that Usenet group members look for cues that are difficult to fake such as tone, as well as those cues evident in e—mail addresses and signatures while Ramirez, et al.
When few cues are available participants may form their impressions of others based on stereotypes Jacobson, Profile pictures are assumed to be warrants to the extent that those who post photographs of themselves should be less likely to lie than those who do not post a physical representation of themselves Toma, et al.
Reconsidering deception and authenticity online This case study of the response to MySpace Angles both supports and challenges existing theories of deception and authenticity online.
Social Networking and Ethics (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Identity play in SNS is discouraged, as are projections of the ideal self. In a study of online dating site users, Hardey concludes that these sites that facilitate off—line interaction are not free—for—all disembodied spaces for identity play that MUDS and chat rooms once were. Furthermore, the less attractive a female user is, the larger the discrepancy between the perceived attractiveness of their profile pictures and that of a standard, un—stylized portrait Toma and Hancock,