Sacagawea - HISTORY
Sacagawea was a Lemhi Shoshone woman who is known for her help to the Lewis and Clark They used Sacagawea to interpret and discovered that the tribe's chief, Cameahwait, was her brother. The meeting of those people was really affecting, particularly between Sah cah-gar-we-ah and an Indian woman, who had. Still, Sacagawea remains the third most famous member of the Lewis and Clark family went a few miles south to the Mandan villages to meet the strangers. Clark's It is appropriate that Clark was the first to refer to her by name, because he. Nov 5, The Lewis and Clark journals generally support the Hidatsa derivation. they hired Charbonneau as an interpreter to accompany them to the Pacific Ocean. Because he did not speak Sacagawea's language and because the.
Approximately four years earlier, a Hidatsa raiding party had taken Sacagawea from her home in Idaho and from her people, the Lemhi Shoshone. In February ofshe gave birth to a baby boy, her first child. Captain Lewis recorded the event in his journal: While Sacagawea is often remembered as the guide who led the Corps across the plains, Expedition journals offer little evidence of this.
Historians generally believe that Sacagawea joined the Expedition because her husband had been hired as a translator. Still, Sacagawea contributed significantly to the success of the journey. Simply because she was a woman, Sacagawea helped the Corps. Among the tribes the explorers met, her presence dispelled the notion that the group was a war party.
A woman with a party of men is a token of peace. The Corps was eager to find the Shoshone and trade with them for horses. The success of the journey hinged on finding the tribe: Recognizing landmarks in her old neighborhoodSacagawea reassured the explorers that the Shoshone - and their horses - would soon be found.
When the Expedition did meet the Shoshone, Sacagawea helped the Corps communicate, translating along with her husband. As the Corps traveled eastward inreturning to St.
Lewis and Clark Meet Sacagawea
Louis, Missouri, states, 'On August 11,William Clark became the guardian of 'Tousant Charbonneau, a boy about ten years, and Lizette Charbonneau, a girl about one year old. The last recorded document citing Sacagawea's existence appears in William Clark's original notes written between and He lists the names of each of the expedition members and their last known whereabouts.
For Sacagawea he writes: Interest in Sacajawea peaked and controversy intensified when Dr. Grace Raymond Hebardprofessor of political economy at the University of Wyoming in Laramie and an active supporter of the Nineteenth Amendment, campaigned for federal legislation to erect an edifice honoring Sacajawea's death in Eastman visited many different Native American tribes, to interview elderly individuals who might have known or heard of Sacagawea, and learned of a Shoshone woman at the Wind River Reservation with the Comanche name Porivo chief woman.
Some of the people he interviewed said that she spoke of a long journey wherein she had helped white men, and that she had a silver Jefferson peace medal of the type carried by the Lewis and Clark Expedition.
He found a Comanche woman called Tacutine who said that Porivo was her grandmother. She had married into a Comanche tribe and had a number of children, including Tacutine's father Ticannaf.
Porivo left the tribe after her husband Jerk-Meat was killed. Eventually, she found her way back to the Lemhi Shoshone at the Wind River Indian Reservationwhere she was recorded as "Bazil's mother". Critics have called into question Hebard's 30 years of research, which led to the biography of the Shoshone woman. However, there is no later record of Lizette among Clark's papers. It is believed that she died in childhood. He carried lifelong celebrity status as the infant who went with the explorers to the Pacific Ocean and back.
There, Jean-Baptiste spent six years living among royaltywhile learning four languages and fathering a child in Germany named Anton Fries. He became a gold miner and a hotel clerk and in led a group of Mormons to California. He disliked the way Indians were treated in the Missions and left to become a hotel clerk in Auburn, Californiaonce the center of gold rush activity. He was 61 years old, and the trip was too much for him.
He became ill with pneumonia and died in a remote area near Danner, Oregonon May 16, The origin of each tradition is described in the following sections. Lewis and Clark's original journals mention Sacagawea by name seventeen times, spelled eight different ways, each time with a "g".
The spelling Sacagawea was established in as the proper usage in government documents by the United States Bureau of American Ethnologyand is the spelling adopted by the United States Mint for use with the dollar coinas well as the United States Board on Geographic Names and the U.
The spelling is used by a large number of historical scholars. Sakakawea is the official spelling of her name according to the Three Affiliated Tribeswhich include the Hidatsaand is widely used throughout North Dakota where she is considered a state heroinenotably in the naming of Lake Sakakaweathe extensive reservoir of Garrison Dam on the Missouri River.
Sacagawea | Biography, Death, & Facts | sexygf.info
Her Hidatsa name, which Charbonneau stated meant "Bird Woman," should be spelled "Tsakakawias" according to the foremost Hidatsa language authority, Dr. When this name is anglicized for easy pronunciation, it becomes Sakakawea, "Sakaka" meaning "bird" and "wea" meaning "woman.Sacagawea - Explorer - Biography
The spelling authorized for the use of federal agencies by the United States Geographic Board is Sacagawea. Although not closely following Hidatsa spelling, the pronunciation is quite similar and the Geographic Board acknowledged the name to be a Hidatsa word meaning "Bird Woman. To the contrary, this spelling traces its origin neither through a personal connection with her nor in any primary literature of the expedition. It has been independently constructed from two Hidatsa Indian words found in the dictionary Ethnography and Philology of the Hidatsa Indianspublished by the Government Printing Office.
Washington Matthews, 65 years following Sacagawea's death, the words appear verbatim in the dictionary as "tsa-ka-ka, noun; a bird," and "mia [wia, bia], noun; a woman. The use of this spelling almost certainly originated from the use of the "j" spelling by Nicholas Biddlewho annotated the Lewis and Clark Expedition's journals for publication in This use became more widespread with the publication of the novel The Conquest: It is likely Dye used Biddle's secondary source for the spelling, and her highly popular book made it ubiquitous throughout the United States previously most non-scholars had never even heard of Sacagawea.
The Lemhi Shoshone call her Sacajawea. It is derived from the Shoshone word for her name, Saca tzah we yaa. Also, William Clark and Private George Shannon explained to Nicholas Biddle Published the first Lewis and Clark Journals in about the pronunciation of her name and how the tz sounds more like a "j". What better authority on the pronunciation of her name than Clark and Shannon who traveled with her and constantly heard the pronunciation of her name?
We do not believe it is a Minnetaree Hidatsa word for her name. Sacajawea was a Lemhi Shoshone not a Hidatsa.
The term for 'boat' in Shoshoni is saiki, but the rest of the alleged compound would be incomprehensible to a native speaker of Shoshoni.