Skeletal System | Skeleton Bones, Joints, Cartilage, Ligaments, Bursae
Joints. A joint is the place where two or more bones meet. Joints are joined by ligaments. There are different types of joint: fixed joints - where the bones cannot . Kirk Mendez, M.D, and Bone and Joint Specialists are committed to excellence by pledging to provide the highest quality of orthopaedic care possible. Hip fracture is a break in the femur (thigh bone) of the hip joint. Joints are areas where two or more bones meet. The hip joint is a "ball and socket" joint where.
A fist-sized deep bruise discolored the skin just beneath the kidney on Jim's right side. He gently touched the bruise. Jim jerked at the touch and moved out of his reach, turning to look at him.
Sadness had replaced the anger he had seen earlier. But it was more than sadness that he saw in the blue eyes. There was grief and despair and a helplessness that came from not being able to act on his hatred.
And like that the mask dropped in place. In short, decisive movements, Jim unzipped his pants and slipped then off without taking his eyes from McCoy. The door slid shut behind him. It was his silence that was making McCoy uneasy. Jim was not by nature a silent man. His passions and emotions ran deep and he freely expressed himself, whether it was a good idea or not. To see him silent and withdrawn meant that he was struggling with a submerged personal issue.Star Trek Beyond- Kirk & Bones Have a Drink.
He knew how Kirk felt about Pike, and Pike in turn had taken the young man under his wing, mentoring him into his new role as captain. Never knowing his own father and lacking that guidance from the day he was born had made Jim a classic rebel.
McCoy had noticed in the four years he had known Jim, that the young man was not one to step away from a fight. He took unreasonable risks without fully weighing the consequences and yet he always seemed to be two steps ahead of the game. Pike's death had obviously hit him hard. McCoy had tried to contact Jim early the next morning when he had been told about Pike's death and the attack on Starfleet Command, but Jim had been brusque on the communicator, his tone flat.
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He hadn't wanted to talk. He had given Jim some space, knowing the man needed time to mourn, and thinking that he could get an examination in later that evening. He had been surprised when he had gotten the alert that Enterprise was scheduled to depart on an emergency mission. He had sent Jim a priority to see him at Starfleet Medical for a full medical examination. The Captain had not shown. He looked around the small room. At least this mission didn't have them jumping into volcanoes and running from angry spear-chucking natives.
It was over…at least for now. They were going home. He ordered a fresh uniform for Jim and deposited the blood-stained civilian clothes into the recycler bin. He began preparing for a thorough examination. After fifteen minutes, the shower door opened and Jim stepped out, freshly washed with a towel wrapped around his hips. He spotted the clean uniform waiting for him and reached for it. That would make McCoy's job both easier…and harder.
Now get on the bed. He stood for a moment and rotated his neck from side to side, stretching the muscles. McCoy crossed his arms over his chest. Jim looked at the bio-bed, which also served as an examination table, and sighed heavily. He blinked several times as he stared at the door and for one uncertain moment, McCoy thought he'd flee — uniform or no uniform. But he walked to the bed and sat on the edge, groaning softly as his body protested the movements. Within seconds the monitor showed all Jim's vitals.
As McCoy had suspected, blood-pressure and respiration showed an increase, as did the pain indicator. There were slight chemical imbalances due to the severe bruising, fatigue and pain. Liver panel looked good. Full blood panel was normal -no internal bleeding. There was a slight decrease in kidney function on the right Jim hung his head and stretched his neck again.
There was a slight decrease in function to the right kidney. He'd have to take a closer look. Of course it is. He spared Jim a look and noticed he was blinking as if trying to clear his vision. There was nothing in the readings that indicated any head trauma.
Irritated, he turned completely away from the monitor and gave Jim his full attention. I'm not asking out of curiosity. I need to know what to look for or we're going to be here for hours. The bio-bed monitor told him Jim's vitals, but the scanner could narrow in on specific areas. Right now he wanted to examine the bruise above the kidney and make certain there was no organ damage. The engines were silent and that made the room even more still.
You got your man. If we don't get out of here before they discover what's been done, you'll have a lot more to worry about than me. Jim stiffened under his touch.
I didn't have time to take notes. Still plenty painful, though he doubted Jim would ever admit it. The organ would heal on its own in a few days if no further trauma occurred. Jim hadn't responded to his prod and he craned his neck to see the younger man's expression. Why don't you think it was Harrison? Anger was still there in the blue eyes. It seemed alien to him, misplaced in a man whose eyes lit up in the thick of a fight; who disarmed his opponents with his charm and confidence; who, even when being reprimanded, managed to maintain his charisma.
Now, as McCoy looked at his friend, he realized that Harrison sparing the landing party's life only served to fuel that anger. McCoy placed the scanner over Jim's right shoulder.
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There was more bruising and the tendons had been strained, causing some inflammation. His gaze dropped to Jim's hands and he frowned. He set the scanner aside for a moment and gently examined the injured hand. His fingers deftly moved around knuckles that were raw and swollen. He felt the tendons inflamed and slightly displaced, and at least one bone moved under his ministrations. Jim sucked in a sharp breath and pulled his hand away. He looked at Jim for a moment.
The young man's expression was closed and carefully guarded, something he had not seen in years. Jim opened his mouth to object. He hesitated a moment, meeting McCoy's glare than let out a short breath and rolled onto his back.
Everything was a battle with this man when it came to medical care. McCoy was accustomed to having to throw his weight around to get Jim to comply with the simplest of requests, but he was not accustom to this seething anger that was evident in every move the man made. The ball part of the hip joint is the head of the femur, and the socket is a cup-like structure in the pelvic bone called the acetabulum.
Bones, Muscles, and Joints
Hip fracture is a serious injury and requires immediate medical attention. What are the different types of hip fracture? A fracture is a partial or complete break in a bone. There can be either a single break or multiple breaks in a bone. A hip fracture is classified by the specific area of the break and the type of break s in the bone. The most common types of hip fractures are: A femoral neck fracture occurs one to two inches from the hip joint. These fractures are common among older adults and can be related to osteoporosis.
This type of fracture may cause a complication because the break usually cuts off the blood supply to the head of the femur which forms the hip joint. An intertrochanteric hip fracture occurs three to four inches from the hip joint. This type of fracture does not interrupt the blood supply to the bone and may be easier to repair.
Around 90 percent of hip fractures fall into these two categories in relatively equal numbers. Stress Fracture of the Hip: This is a hairline crack in the femur that may not involve the whole bone.
Overuse and repetitive motion can cause a stress fracture. The symptoms of this injury may mimic those of tendonitis or muscle strain. Who is affected by a hip fracture? About 90 percent of hip fractures happen to people over age The ribs form a cage that shelters the heart, lungs, liver, and spleen, and the pelvis helps protect the bladder, intestines, and in girls, the reproductive organs.
Although they're very light, bones are strong enough to support our entire weight. Joints are where two bones meet. They make the skeleton flexible — without them, movement would be impossible. Muscles are also necessary for movement: They're the masses of tough, elastic tissue that pull our bones when we move.
Together, our bones, muscles, and joints — along with tendons, ligaments, and cartilage — form our musculoskeletal system and enable us to do everyday physical activities. The human skeleton has bones. Our bones begin to develop before birth. When the skeleton first forms, it is made of flexible cartilage, but within a few weeks it begins the process of ossification pronounced: Ossification is when the cartilage is replaced by hard deposits of calcium phosphate and stretchy collagen, the two main components of bone.
It takes about 20 years for this process to be completed. The bones of kids and young teens are smaller than those of adults and contain "growing zones" called growth plates.
Skeletal System: Bones, Joints, Cartilage, Ligaments, Bursae
These plates consist of columns of multiplying cartilage cells that grow in length, and then change into hard, mineralized bone. These growth plates are easy to spot on an X-ray. Because girls mature at an earlier age than boys, their growth plates change into hard bone at an earlier age. Bone building continues throughout your life, as your body constantly renews and reshapes the bones' living tissue.
Bone contains three types of cells: AHS-tee-uh-blastzwhich make new bone and help repair damage; osteocytes pronounced: AHS-tee-o-klastswhich break down bone and help to sculpt and shape it.
Osteoclasts are very active in kids and teens, working on bone as it is remodeled during growth.
They also play an important role in the repair of fractures. Bones are made up of calcium, phosphorus, sodium, and other minerals, as well as the protein collagen. Calcium is needed to make bones hard, which allows them to support your weight.
Bones also store calcium and release some into the bloodstream when it's needed by other parts of the body. The amounts of certain vitamins and minerals that you eat, especially vitamin D and calcium, directly affect how much calcium is stored in the bones. The soft bone marrow inside many of our bones is where most of the blood cells flowing through our bodies are made. The bone marrow contains stem cells, which produce the body's red blood cells and platelets, and some types of white blood cells.
Red blood cells carry oxygen to the body's tissues, and platelets help with blood clotting when someone has a cut or wound. White blood cells help the body fight infection. Bones are made up of two types of material — compact bone and cancellous bone.
Compact bone is the solid, hard outside part of the bone. This type of bone makes up most of the human skeleton.
It looks like ivory and is extremely strong. Holes and channels run through it, carrying blood vessels and nerves from the periosteum, the bone's outer membrane. KAN-suh-lus bone, which looks like a sponge, is inside the compact bone.
It is made up of a mesh-like network of tiny pieces of bone called trabeculae pronounced: This is where red and white blood cells are formed in the marrow. Bones are fastened to other bones by long, fibrous straps called ligaments pronounced: KAR-tul-ija flexible, rubbery substance in our joints, supports bones and protects them where they rub against each other. Bones don't work alone — they need help from the muscles and joints. Muscles pull on the joints, allowing us to move.
They also help the body perform other functions so we can grow and remain strong, such as chewing food and then moving it through the digestive system. The human body has more than muscles. They are connected to bones by tough, cord-like tissues called tendons, which allow the muscles to pull on bones.