BBC - Culture - Can any composer equal Bach?
Mozart met Marie Antoinette when they were both young in Vienna. .. tradition, was that of the Baroque music (Bach, Handel, and others) that Mozart . the first for the three stage bands that play dances for different social. One of my students says she read that Mozart met J.S. Bach at some point, but I never encountered that information. Is that true? I know Haydn and Mozart were. with a discussion of the Bach-Mozart connection, and concludes with brief comparative .. Mozart met Bach at the height of the latter's fame, when he was completely at .. Menuetto, ¾, Trio, ¾, Scoring: Wind band, consisting of pairs of oboes.
Back in Salzburg, Mozart seems to have been eager to display his command of international styles: His outstanding orchestral work of this period was, however, the sinfonia concertante for violin and viola K ; the genre was popular in both cities, and there are many features of the Mannheim style in the orchestral writing, but the character of the work, its ingenious instrumental interplay, and its depth of feeling are unmistakably Mozartian.
Also from this time came the cheerful two-piano concerto and the two-piano sonataas well as a number of sacred works, including the best-known of his complete masses, the Coronation Mass.
But it was dramatic music that attracted Mozart above all. He had lately written incidental music to a play by Tobias Philipp von Gebler, and during —80 he composed much of a singspiel, known as Zaide, although with no sure prospects of performance. So Mozart must have been delighted, in the summer ofto receive a commission to compose a serious Italian opera for Munich. The subject was to be Idomeneus, king of Crete, and the librettist the local cleric Giambattista Varesco, who was to follow a French text of Mozart could start work in Salzburg as he already knew the capacities of several of the singers, but he went to Munich some 10 weeks before the date set for the premiere.
Leopold remained at home until close to the time of the premiere and acted as a link between Mozart and Varesco; their correspondence is accordingly richly informative about the process of composition. First, he was anxious, as always, to assure his father of the enthusiasm with which the singers received his music.
Second, he was concerned about cuts: Third, he was always eager to make modifications that rendered the action more natural and plausible. And fourth, he was much occupied with accommodating the music and the action to the needs and the limitations of the singers.
He was resentful and insulted. Matters came to a head at an interview with Archbishop Colloredo, who, according to Mozart, used unecclesiastical language; Mozart requested his discharge, which was eventually granted at a stormy meeting with the court steward on June 9, Joseph II currently required that German opera, rather than the traditional Italian, be given at the court theatre.
In the summer ofrumours began to circulate, as far as Salzburg, that Mozart was contemplating marriage with the third of the Weber daughters, Constanze; but he hotly denied them in a letter to his father: The opera, after various delays, reached the Burgtheater stage on July He also had the original text substantially modified to strengthen its drama and allow better opportunities for music.
He complained, however, that he had not made enough money from the opera, and he began to devote more time and energy in other directions. Among the influences on this music, besides the Austrian ecclesiastical tradition, was that of the Baroque music Bach, Handel, and others that Mozart had become acquainted with, probably for the first time, at the house of his patron Baron Gottfried van Swieten, a music collector and antiquarian.
Mozart and his wife visited Salzburg in the summer and autumn ofwhen the completed movements were performed, with as always intended Constanze singing the solo soprano parts, at St. The central Viennese period Back in Vienna Mozart entered on what was to be the most fruitful and successful period of his life. In February he began to keep a catalog of his own music, which suggests a new awareness of posterity and his place in it in fact his entries are sometimes misdated.
At concerts he would normally play the piano, both existing pieces and improvisations ; his fantasias—such as the fine C Minor one K of —and his numerous sets of variations probably give some indication of the kind of music his audiences heard. He would also conduct performances of his symphonies using earlier Salzburg works as well as the two written since he had settled in Vienna, the Haffner ofcomposed for the Salzburg family, and the Linz [Symphony No.
Library of Congress, Washington, D. With the group he established a new level of piano concerto writing; these concertos are at once symphonic, melodically rich, and orchestrally ingenious, and they also blend the virtuoso element effectively into the musical and formal texture of the work. Much melodic material is assigned to the wind instruments, and a unique melodic style is developed that lends itself to patterns of dialogue and instrumental interplay.
After the relatively homogeneous group K,andall of which begin with themes stated first by the orchestra and later taken up by the piano, Mozart moved on in the concertos of K, and to make the piano solo a reinterpretation of the opening theme.
These concertos are increasingly individual in character—one a stormy and romantic D Minor work, the next a closely argued concerto in C Major with a slow movement remarkable for its troubled beauty, and the third, in E-flat Major, notable for its military rhythms and wind colouring. The group begins with the refined but conservatively lyrical Kbut then follow two concertos with a new level of symphonic unity and grandeur, that in C Minor Kusing the largest orchestra Mozart had yet called for in the concert hall, and the imperious concerto in C Major K The two final concertos K and represent no new departures.
The outpouring of included the fine piano sonata K and the piano and violin sonata K written for a visiting violin virtuoso, it was produced in such haste that Mozart could not write out the piano part and played from blank paper at the premiere. He also wrote, in a style close to that of the concertos, a quintet for piano and wind instruments Kwhich he considered his finest work to date; it was first heard at a concert in the house of his pupil Barbara Ployer, for whom two of the concertos had been written K and From Figaro to Don Giovanni In spite of his success as a pianist and composer, Mozart had serious financial worries, and they worsened as the famously fickle Viennese found other idols.
His sense of being as good a man as any privileged nobleman led him and his wife into tastes that for his actual station in life, and his income, were extravagant. He saw a court appointment as a possible source of salvation but knew that the Italian musical influence at court, under the Kapellmeister Antonio Salieriwas powerful and exclusive—even if he and Salieri were never on less than friendly terms personally.
Joseph II had now reverted to Italian opera, and since Mozart had been seeking suitable librettos he had even started work on two but broke off when he came to realize their feebleness for his purpose.
Again one musician, we are now at nine family members. However, Mozart's musical son and his brother too had no children. Three cheers for the Mozarts. Composer Franz Schubert was position thirteen. But only four of all siblings reached the age of an adult.
Daddy was teacher and school principal. Mummy was a cook. So, this is two times no relation to music at all. However, Franz Schubert's father taught him how to play the violin. How do we want to handle this? It's not known of any musical acting of Franz's three siblings. Schubert did not marry and so the Schuberts are almost borderline in our collection of famous families of musicians, with a total of "one and a half" members.
Johann Christian Bach
The Schumanns The Schumann's family tree is crystal clear: The dad of Clara? He was a learned piano player. Her father married twice and one musician resulted from this marriage: But let me check on that in the future again. We have already reached the level of five musical family members, some of them famous, some very famous. It's not known, whether the children had any relations to music: Walter Alfred Felix Schumann became a poet and both daughters Eugenie and Julie made music only in a quality and an amount that made them unknown to the posterity.
Despite the level of fame of the musician couple, that is to say they actually were two famous musicians, altogether as a family of musicians they "only" count five members. In our race however it's a crystal clear position among the winners. The father of Strauss Father was innkeeper, so he didn't make music.
From here it's getting tough.
Johann Christian Bach - New World Encyclopedia
If we want to use the term of "family". Because Johann Fatherwas married, but he quit, later lived together, unmarried with a woman. Her name was Trampusch. And together they had three sons who survived - all three were musicians. Johann Strauss this time Son is the "Waltz King".Beethoven Like You've Never Heard Before
He was married three times, first with a soprano singer, that is musician number five. Later he was married with an actress and finally with Adele. What Adele did, is not handed down. But because all three marriages remained childless, it's less important here.
For that reason the Strausses are represented in the ranking of the famous families of musicians with five musicians. Which is not bad. Posthumous evaluation Although Bach's fame declined in the decades following his death, his music still showed up on concert programs in London with some regularity, often coupled with works by Haydn.
In the nineteenth century, scholarly work on the life and music of Johann Christian's father began, but often this led to exaltation of J. Bach's music at the expense of that of his sons. Phillip Spitta claimed towards the end of his J. Bach biography that "it is especially in Bach's sons that we may mark the decay of that power which had culminated [in Sebastian] after several centuries of growth" Spitta, Vol.
It was not until the twentieth century that scholars and the musical world began to realize that Bach's sons could legitimately compose in a different style than their father without their musical idioms being inferior or debased, and composers like Johann Christian began to receive renewed appreciation. He is of some historical interest as the first composer who preferred the pianoforte to older keyboard instruments such as the harpsichord. Contrasting styles of J.
Bach Johann Christian Bach's father died when he was This may be one reason why it is difficult to find points of obvious comparison between Johann Sebastian Bach and Johann Christian. The piano sonatas of Carl Phillip Emanuel Bach, Johann Christian's brother, tend to invoke certain elements of his father at times, considering that his father died when he had reached the age of The use of counterpoint is especially comparable to that of Johann Sebastian.
Johann Christian's music, however, departs completely from the styles of the elder Bachs since his music is highly melodic and brilliantly structured. He composed in the galant aesthetic, a style encorporating balanced phrases with an emphasis on melody and accompaniment without too much contrapuntal complexity. The galant movement was against the intricate lines of Baroque music, and instead places importance on fluid melodies in periodic phrases.
It preceded the classical style, which fused the galant aesthetics with a renewed interest in counterpoint. Bach in the New Grove Bach Family number 91 works. A little more than half of these, 48 works, are considered authentic, while the remaining 43 are doubtful. By comparison, the composer sometimes called "the Father of the Symphony," Joseph Haydnwrote slightly over Most of these are not fully comparable to Johann Christian Bach's symphonies.
This is because many of Bach's works in this category are closer to the Italian sinfonia than to the late classical symphony in its most fully developed state as found in the later works in this category by Haydn and Mozart.