Art Deco Design: History and Inspiring Examples ~ Creative Market Blog
The and 30s Decorating Style Reimagined sex and temperament of the individual members, meet their needs, express their tastes and. s fashion history: the women who changed our style forever us the iconic s fashion styles, there were the super chic styles of the roaring twenties. Her favourite designer was Valentina Schlee, and she went on to. Read about jewelry styles and vintage fashion silhouettes of the s, 30s, 40s, By that decade, the availability and low cost of plastics allowed designers to.
They remained an important wardrobe accessory — to adorn bare arms — throughout the s, when they were worn in multiples.
Brooches, too, were essential: In the early s, much of the costume jewelry produced still emulated precious jewels — in fact, ads referred to these pieces as reproduction jewelry. The filigree bracelets, brooches, earrings and necklaces, so popular in the first part of the 20th century, were still worn in the s.
A variation of this look was produced in the former Czechoslovakia, the source of gilt-metal filigree pieces set with glass stones and sometimes embellished with enamel.
By this time, another style — what we now call Art Deco — had made an impact on costume jewelry design. Still another style of jewelry introduced in this decade is what we often refer to as novelty jewelry — pieces made from plastics Celluloid, Bakelite, Galalith, etc. Hair combs and hat pins had been made of celluloid since the turn of the century.
Celluloid bracelets, often embellished with rhinestones, were especially popular in the s. By the mids, costume jewelry had gained respect, thanks in large part to Coco Chanel and Elsa Schiaparelli. When they designed and promoted jewelry made from imitation stones and plastic to accessorize the clothing they designed, costume pieces became not only acceptable but highly desirable.
The s Fashion Silhouette The worship of excess and luxury, which was synonymous with the s, came to an abrupt end with the stock market crash in October Bywhen the Great Depression had taken hold of economies world-wide, hemlines were ankle-length, the natural waistline was restored, and femininity was in style again. Evening dresses made of bias-cut fabrics clung to the curves of the body, and gowns made of satin and with low-cut backs were popular.
During the day, women wore form-fitting, knee-length suits. Shoulder pads, first used by Elsa Schiaparelli in the s, became the norm because they flattered the waistline. Fur stoles and collars as well as small hats embellished with feathers or floral details and worn at an angle were popular.
Hair was worn longer but with curls at the nape of the neck.
Art Deco - Wikipedia
By the s, moving pictures had already become the most popular leisure activity in America. The movie industry, in turn, created a desire for the glamour and lifestyle of the rich portrayed on the big screen.
Clothing retailers courted this influence by using photos of movie stars in their ads. Costume Jewelry Styles While many women could not afford to buy new clothes regularly, they could refresh and change the look of their outfits with accessories.
Jewelry makers obliged by inventing new types of pieces. The dress clip became the most important jeweled accessory in the s. Clips were often worn in pairs at the neckline or singly on jacket lapels, hats, purses and belts. Then the double-clip brooch was invented in France, for fine jewelry, and brought to America by Gaston Candas of Paris.
He patented his invention in the U. This product was so successful that other companies started inventing their own devices for mounting separate clips on a single frame that could be worn as a brooch. The first double-clip brooches were designed with two pieces that were mirror images; in the s, these pieces became asymmetrical and more three-dimensional.
Also in the s, the baskets of fruit and flowers known as fruit salads or tutti frutti marketed by Cartier and other fine jewelers produced a wave of imitations among costume jewelry makers.
Companies such as Coro, Trifari and Boucher, among others, produced lines of costume jewelry made with molded glass that imitated the Indian-carved rubies, sapphires and emeralds.
In addition to fruit salads, the Art Deco style evolved to include Far East-inspired motifs with materials that imitated coral, mother-of-pearl, and carved jade. More whimsical, imaginative jewelry was produced in this decade. One reason for this trend was the influence of Surrealism on designers such as Elsa Schiaparelli. The other reason was the increased use of inexpensive, colorful plastics. During this decade, the Art Deco style continued to evolve and later became known as Art Moderne or Streamline Modern.
This change was greatly influenced by the Bauhaus School in Germany — In architecture, sharp angles were replaced with simple, aerodynamic curves; exotic woods and stone were replaced with concrete and glass. Other characteristics included a horizontal orientation to buildings as well as the extensive use of chrome hardware.
This aesthetic was applied to costume jewelry, aided by innovative manufacturing techniques developed in Pforzheim, Germany, and later adopted by U. Among the makers of jewelry in this Machine Age style was Jakob Bengel. Not surprisingly, the war years had significant effects on fashion and jewelry.
With the influence of European fashion cut off by the war, American designers as well as Hollywood and its stars defined the style of the s. Marlene Dietrich, Joan Crawford and Greta Garbo were the idols of the time, and American women emulated their style in clothing and accessories.
For the first time, fashion reflected the American sporty, relaxed lifestyle instead of the elegance of French haute couture. The war affected fashion in another significant way: These measures dictated the amount of fabric that could be used in a garment and prohibited nonessential details such as ornamentation and certain types of clothing such as woolen wraps.
Daytime attire changed to masculine, well-tailored suits inspired by military uniforms, with straight, knee-length skirts and long, tight-fitting jackets with wide padded shoulders. Pants and culottes became acceptable wear for women everywhere, not just in sports activities, because so many rode bicycles to work. Dresses with fitted bodices and square, V, or round necklines were somewhat more feminine.
For evening, the triangular silhouette of long dresses in the early s, created by padded shoulders, narrow waist and flared skirt, eventually became the slim sheath, as fabric shortages caused skirts to become narrow. Hair was longer and worn up during the day for safety reasons. Upswept styles included the French twist and the victory roll created by curling and then rolling voluminous curls around the face. When worn down, the hair was generally parted on the side without bangs and curled into a page-boy at the base.
Hats were an essential accessory that allowed women to make a fashion statement during these years of austerity. Various styles prevailed, including berets and broad-rimmed hats in the early years, then smaller styles as the war progressed. InParis regained the spotlight of world fashion when Christian Dior presented his New Look collection. It revived the image of the feminine, romantic woman. The slim, short skirts and padded shoulders that epitomized war-time austerity were replaced by a new silhouette: Women began to cut their hair shorter, arranging it with waves and curls close to the head as well as short bangs.
Some hats that were fashionable during the war continued to be popular. New styles, including small hats worn on the side of the head and covered in a net veil, were introduced. Costume Jewelry Styles While clothing became more masculine, jewelry became more feminine. In addition to stylized flowers, birds and animals, popular motifs included buckles, bows, ribbons and fabric-like folds, drapes or pleats.
Themes from Native American and Aztec folklore as well as the Old West also found their way into jewelry designs. Some designers took inspiration from earlier styles, resulting in a Victorian Revival in the late s to early s. At the same time, Machine Age icons such as tank track and other repeating patterns were reinterpreted in yellow- and rose-gold finishes.
Bracelets were wide and three-dimensional in the early s. Charms of personal significance became a way of expressing sentiment. Stylized floral designs and bright colors were a feature of early Art Deco. Design by Joseph Csaky.
Art Deco Design: History and Inspiring Examples
The geometric forms of Cubism had an important influence on Art Deco Lobby of Sutter Street in San Francisco by Timothy Pfluegerinspired by ancient Maya art The gilded bronze Prometheus at Rockefeller Center by Paul Manshipa stylized Art Deco update of classical sculpture A ceramic vase inspired by motifs of traditional African carved wood sculpture, by Emile LenobleMuseum of Decorative Arts, Paris Art Deco was not a single style, but a collection of different and sometimes contradictory styles.
In architecture, Art Deco was the successor to and reaction against Art Nouveau, a style which flourished in Europe between andand also gradually replaced the Beaux-Arts and neoclassical that were predominant in European and American architecture. Grasset stressed the principle that various simple geometric shapes like triangles and squares are the basis of all compositional arrangements.
The reinforced concrete buildings of Auguste Perret and Henri Sauvage, and particularly the Theatre des Champs-Elyseesoffered a new form of construction and decoration which was copied worldwide.
There was also popular interest in archeology due to excavations at PompeiiTroyand the tomb of the 18th dynasty Pharaoh Tutankhamun.
It was influenced by discoveries in Egyptologyand growing interest in the Orient and in African art. From onwards, it was often inspired by a passion for new machines, such as airships, automobiles and ocean liners, and by this influence resulted in the style called streamline moderne.
Suzanne Talbot9, rue de Lota, Paris, published in L'Illustration27 May Art Deco was associated with both luxury and modernity; it combined very expensive materials and exquisite craftsmanship put into modernistic forms.
Nothing was cheap about Art Deco: The style was used to decorate the first-class salons of ocean liners, deluxe trains, and skyscrapers. It was used around the world to decorate the great movie palaces of the late s and s. Later, after the Great Depressionthe style changed and became more sober. A good example of the luxury style of Art Deco is the boudoir of the fashion designer Jeanne Lanvindesigned by Armand-Albert Rateau made between It was located in her house at 16 rue Barbet de Jouy, in Paris, which was demolished in The room was reconstructed in the Museum of Decorative Arts in Paris.
The walls are covered with molded lambris below sculpted bas-reliefs in stucco. The alcove is framed with columns of marble on with bases and a plinth of sculpted wood. The floor is of white and black marble, and in the cabinets decorative objects are displayed against a background of blue silk.
Her bathroom had a tub and washstand made of sienna marble, with a wall of carved stucco and bronze fittings. The study designed by the Paris firm of Alavoine for an American businessman innow in the Brooklyn Museumhad a unique American feature. Since it was constructed during Prohibitionwhen serving alcohol was prohibited, it included a secret bar hidden behind the panels. It featured a serpentine armchair and two tubular armchairs by Eileen Gray, a floor of mat silvered glass slabs, a panel of abstract patterns in silver and black lacquer, and an assortment of animal skins.
This was officially sponsored by the French government, and covered a site in Paris of 55 acres, running from the Grand Palais on the right bank to Les Invalides on the left bank, and along the banks of the Seine.Waved 1920s/1930s Hair Style with Mervin Wave Clips
The Grand Palais, the largest hall in the city, was filled with exhibits of decorative arts from the participating countries. There were 15, exhibitors from twenty different countries, including England, Italy, Spain, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Belgium, Japan, and the new Soviet Unionthough Germany was not invited because of tensions after the war and the United States, misunderstanding the purpose of the exhibit, declined to participate.
Jewelry Styles by Decade
It was visited by sixteen million people during its seven-month run. The rules of the exhibition required that all work be modern; no historical styles were allowed.
The main purpose of the Exhibit was to promote the French manufacturers of luxury furniture, porcelain, glass, metal work, textiles and other decorative products. To further promote the products, all the major Paris department stores and major designers had their own pavilions.