Alaknanda River - Wikipedia
More than 96% of glacier ice lies in the Polar Region (Dyurgerov and Meier, ). . The Bhagirathi meets the Alaknanda, the other major river in the area at . The Alaknanda is a Himalayan river in the Indian state of Uttarakhand and one of the two headstreams of the Ganga, the major river of Northern India and the holy river of Hinduism. . Srinagar and Devprayag. At each town with suffix prayag, Alaknanda meets another river. Stackpole Books. ISBN The Himalayan rivers that join to form the Ganga are in spate this monsoon, rivers, namely Alaknanda, Mandakini and Bhagirathi, and Ganga river from Dev There are media reports that the change came after a meeting.
The other big cause is climate change, which has led to fewer rainy days this monsoon, but more intense rainfall on those days.Devprayag - Confluence Point of Alaknanda and Bhagirathi (Maa Ganga River)
Glaciers are also melting faster as the average temperature in the Himalayas has gone up thrice as much as the global average since Faced with this double whammy of climate change impacts and abandoned partially-built dams that have channelled rivers in new directions, residents of many Uttarakhand villages are now stuck behind multiple landslides, with food running out and their homes in danger of being washed away or buried under yet another landslide.
People suffer, ministries bicker In such a situation, different ministries of the Government of India are quarrelling over the resumption of the stalled dams. The ministries of power and of environment, forests and climate change have told the Supreme Court that they want five of the hydroelectric projects resumed, while the ministry of water resources and Ganga rejuvenation has opposed any resumption.
Ganga Sagar is at the mouth of the Ganga, where it flows into the Bay of Bengal. Pandas have thousands of years of literature of their devotees. This literature is purported to have information about the devotee's last 3 or 4 generations.
Every Panda has various types of books related to his Yatri's information, like Bahi, Daskhati and all others. Every Yatri is identified with the help of these books.
The peoples of Devprayag Pandas spend their 6 months of a year at Badrinath and rest of 2—3 months in Devprayag. They spend this in their own regions.
It is quite hard for a Panda and his family as He spends very less time with the family. Many peoples say that Pandagiri is a very normal and less prestigious occupation.
But as it belongs to their God Almighty and this is their patrimonial occupation, it automatically becomes more prestigious rather than the other occupations. The cuisines of Devprayag are also rich and famous as Devprayag. Dishes like Singori and Bal Mithai keep an important place in Devprayagi's heart. Singori, traditionally made with khoya wrapped in form of a cone with Maalu leaves.
The khoya absorbs the smell of Maalu leaves. On the other hand, Bal Mithai is a brown chocolate-like fudge, made with roasted khoya, coated with white sugar balls. Devprayag is a small town situated in Tehri Garhwal district in the state of Uttarakhand.
Apart from that some of its area comes under Pauri Garhwal District. It is also a Nagar Panchayat and a division of Panch Prayag. Devprayag is the home of priests of Badrinath, every Panda has his own region in whole country. When these Brahmins arrived at Badrinath, they were worshiped by the pilgrims, since then, Brahmins are known as Panda in Dham and everywhere 2.
Uttarakhand — Uttarakhand, officially the State of Uttarakhand, formerly known as Uttaranchal, is a state in the northern part of India. It is often referred to as the Devbhumi due to many Hindu temples, Uttarakhand is known for its natural beauty of the Himalayas, the Bhabhar and the Terai. On 9 NovemberUttarakhand became the 27th state of the Republic of India, being created from the Himalayan, the state is divided into two divisions, Garhwal and Kumaon, with a total of 13 districts.
The interim capital of Uttarakhand is Dehradun, the largest city in the region, the High Court of the state is in Nainital. Archaeological evidence supports the existence of humans in the region since prehistoric times, the region formed a part of the Kuru and the Panchal kingdoms during the Vedic age of Ancient India.
Ashokan edicts at Kalsi show the presence of Buddhism in this region. During the medieval period, the region was consolidated under the Kumaon Kingdom, inmost of modern Uttarakhand was ceded to the British as part of the Treaty of Sugauli. The natives of the state are generally called Uttarakhandi, or more specifically either Garhwali or Kumaoni by their region of origin, according to the Census of India, Uttarakhand has a population of 10,, making it the 19th most populous state in India.
Uttarakhands name is derived from the Sanskrit words uttara meaning north, the name finds mention in early Hindu scriptures as the combined region of Kedarkhand and Manaskhand. Uttarakhand was also the ancient Puranic term for the stretch of the Indian Himalayas.
Chosen for its allegedly less separatist connotations, the name change generated enormous controversy among many activists for a separate state who saw it as a political act, the name Uttarakhand remained popular in the region, even while Uttaranchal was promulgated through official usage.
Alaknanda River - WikiVisually
In AugustUnion Cabinet of India assented to the demands of the Uttaranchal state assembly, legislation to that effect was passed by the Uttarakhand Legislative Assembly in Octoberand the Union Cabinet brought in the bill in the winter session of Parliament. The bill was passed by Parliament and signed into law by then President A. Abdul Kalam in Decemberand since January 1, the state has been known as Uttarakhand.
Ancient rock paintings, rock shelters, paleolithic stone tools, there are also archaeological remains which show the existence of early Vedic practices in the area.
It is believed that the sage Vyasa scripted the Hindu epic Mahabharata in the state, among the first major dynasties of Garhwal and Kumaon were the Kunindas in the 2nd century BCE who practised an early form of Shaivism and traded salt with Western Tibet. It is evident from the Ashokan edict at Kalsi in Western Garhwal that Buddhism made inroads in this region, folk shamanic practices deviating from Hindu orthodoxy also persisted here 3. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country, and it is bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast.
Indias Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a border with Thailand. The Indian subcontinent was home to the urban Indus Valley Civilisation of the 3rd millennium BCE, in the following millennium, the oldest scriptures associated with Hinduism began to be composed. Social stratification, based on caste, emerged in the first millennium BCE, early political consolidations took place under the Maurya and Gupta empires, the later peninsular Middle Kingdoms influenced cultures as far as southeast Asia.
In the medieval era, Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Christianity, and Islam arrived, much of the north fell to the Delhi sultanate, the south was united under the Vijayanagara Empire.
The economy expanded in the 17th century in the Mughal empire, in the midth century, the subcontinent came under British East India Company rule, and in the midth under British crown rule. A nationalist movement emerged in the late 19th century, which later, under Mahatma Gandhi, was noted for nonviolent resistance, inthe Indian economy was the worlds seventh largest by nominal GDP and third largest by purchasing power parity.
Following market-based economic reforms inIndia became one of the major economies and is considered a newly industrialised country. However, it continues to face the challenges of poverty, corruption, malnutrition, a nuclear weapons state and regional power, it has the third largest standing army in the world and ranks sixth in military expenditure among nations. India is a constitutional republic governed under a parliamentary system. It is a pluralistic, multilingual and multi-ethnic society and is home to a diversity of wildlife in a variety of protected habitats.
The name India is derived from Indus, which originates from the Old Persian word Hindu, the latter term stems from the Sanskrit word Sindhu, which was the historical local appellation for the Indus River.
The ancient Greeks referred to the Indians as Indoi, which translates as The people of the Indus, the geographical term Bharat, which is recognised by the Constitution of India as an official name for the country, is used by many Indian languages in its variations. Scholars believe it to be named after the Vedic tribe of Bharatas in the second millennium B. E and it is also traditionally associated with the rule of the legendary emperor Bharata.
It was introduced into India by the Mughals and widely used since then and its meaning varied, referring to a region that encompassed northern India and Pakistan or India in its entirety 4. Pauri Garhwal district — Pauri Garhwal is a district in Uttarakhand state of India, with Pauri town as its headquarters. The evolution of civilization in this region of Garhwal Himalaya has paralleled that of the rest of the Indian sub-continent.
The earliest historical dynasties were the Kunindas and the Katyuris, which ruled over unified Uttarakhand and left important records in the form of temples and inscriptions. In the middle of the 15th century A.
Chandpurgarh emerged as a principality under the rule of King Jagatpal. Toward the end of 15th century A. King Ajaypal of Chandpurgarh ruled the entire region, during this period they faced a number of attacks from Kumaon, Mughals, Sikhs, and Rohillas.
An important event in the history of Pauri Garhwal district was the Gorkha invasion and this invasion was marked by extreme brutality. After conquering Doti and Kumaon, Gorkhas attacked Garhwal and met resistance from the Garhwali forces. Then news came of a Chinese invasion, and the Gorkhas were forced to lift the siege, inhowever, the Gorkhas again mounted an invasion. After capturing Kumaon, three columns attacked Garhwal, inthe Gorkhas defeated the army of King Pradyumna Shah and became the masters of all of Garhwal.
They ruled the territory for twelve years, inat the end of the Anglo-Nepalese War and the defeat of the Gorkha army, the rule of the Gorkhas in Garhwal was ended by the British. On 21 Aprilthe British decided to establish their rule over the half of Garhwal, lying east of the Alaknanda. The remaining part of Garhwal in the west was returned to King Sudarshan Shah who established his capital at Tehri, the climate of Pauri Garhwal is mostly pleasant in summer and cold in winter.
In the rainy season the climate is cool and the landscape green, however, in Kotdwar and the adjoining Bhabar area, it is quite hot, reaching the high 40s Celsius during the summer. In the winter, many parts of Pauri receive snowfall, as of Indian census, the Pauri Garhwal district had a population of , with a religious breakdown ofHindus,20, Muslims, and 1, Christians.
Ganga floods Uttarakhand as ministries bicker over dams
According to the census, Pauri Garhwal district has a population of , which is almost equal to the population of Equatorial Guinea and this gives it a ranking of th in India. The district has a density of inhabitants per square kilometre.
Its population growth rate over the decade of was Inwhat was known as Garhwal district was divided into Pauri Garhwal, inan additional area was carved out of Pauri Garhwal district and merged with parts of Chamoli and Tehri Garhwal districts to form Rudraprayag district 5.
In Hindu mythology and culture, the Bhagirathi is considered the source stream of the Ganges, however, in hydrology, the other headstream, Alaknanda, is considered the source stream on account of its great length and discharge.